The Core Causes Of Hormonal Acne
Hormones affect all the processes in your body, so they may have a direct impact on the formation of acne as well. According to statistics, less than 10% of people are lucky to not know what acne is, so an overwhelming majority has to deal with the issue during various life periods. However, if acne in adolescence is a natural phenomenon, in a more mature age the presence of pimples indicates a violation of hormonal levels, which in turn may lead to serious health problems. So let’s consider the basic causes of hormonal acne.
Hormonal surges are the natural age-related changes in hormonal balance and the most common causes of acne in adolescents at the same time. Steroid hormones, mainly androgens, or male sex hormones are produced not only men, but in women as well, being the primary cause of the unwanted ailment. During puberty the level of androgens significantly increases; affecting many processes in the human body, steroid hormones represent the internal cause of acne.
These hormones contribute to the complex biochemical reactions in the skin, during which there is a significant increase in the number of secretory cells of the sebaceous glands – sebocytes. This is similar to the increase in the number of workers in the ‘factory’ producing sebum. As a rule, even in oily skin cases sebum has a liquid consistency. But hormones not only provoke acne, but also increase the amount of sebum, making its composition more sticky and condensed.
The cause of acne lies in the formation of congestion in the ducts of the hair follicle. First of all, microcomedones are formed that contribute to the emergence of open comedones and closed comedones. Comedones congestion blocks the excretion of fat and waste products of the sebaceous glands. This stimulates the beginning of the active breeding of propionic acne bacteria (propionibacterium acnes).
The habitats of these bacteria are hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Actually, a person may see no manifestations, but as soon as bacteria receive an excessive amount of food, they almost inevitably provoke inflammation and acne. The metabolic products of these microorganisms tend to irritate the tissues surrounding them, thus provoking inflammation. When pustules are formed, hair follicle expands until it is broken off.
Hormonal acne may also occur because of hereditary causes related to testosterone. According to some scientists, the reaction of the skin to hormonal changes and hormonal level peculiarities are inherited. Therefore, one of the causes of acne at the age of eighteen may be a hereditary factor.
It is obvious that teens whose parents suffer or have suffered from acne, increases the likelihood of teenage acne. And if both parents suffered from the same problem, the child will have to deal with the same acne issues in nine cases out of ten.
Steroid hormone levels in women is increased during the last phases of the menstrual cycle; in this regard, nearly seventy percent of women have acne before menstruation.
Even though not all the women suffer from acne, one or two pimples at the beginning of the menstruation are observed in 99% of cases. Those suffering from acne mark the appearance of pustules even a week before the onset of menstruation.
By the way, you can take advantage of the so-called acne map, which allows determining the nature of problem by linking the particular acne area with the diseased organs.
Lipid metabolism disorders
This type of acne is caused by an increased level of lipids in the blood: cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and so forth. It is known that if there is a surplus of these materials, they pose an excessive load on blood vessels and cause a circulatory disorder (which in its turn this leads to serious diseases). Elevated blood lipids can be detected only by laboratory testing, because the symptoms appear only when arterial disease has already received considerable development. Then the symptoms such as dizziness, tinnitus and pain when walking may appear.
The causes of lipid metabolism may have different nature. Thus, some scientists believe that eighty percent of lipid metabolism is inherited, so only in twenty percent of cases changing nutrition can improve the situation.
Lipid metabolism may also be caused by diabetes, obesity, advanced age, alcoholism, tobacco smoking and menopause. Sometimes it may be provoked by reception of drugs such as corticosteroids, retinoids and hormonal contraceptives.
Mentioned below are the most effective preventive measures:
- Avoid drinking alcohol, quit smoking.
- Drink green tea on a regular basis.
- Engage in some physical activity.
- Stick to the diet with the minimum of fat and sugar.